Bringing Puppy Home, General Information

French Bulldog Colors and Patterns


In 1897, the only original breed standard color was brindle. After the 1911 standard revision they approved additional standard colors and patterns like fawn, cream, piebald. To this day there has never been any revision to the color standard.  The standard French Bulldog colors are the only ones allowed to compete in the ring for conformation points. All registered frenchies may compete in agility and other AKC events, just not conformation.

Acceptable colors – All brindle, fawn, white, brindle and white, and any color except those which constitute disqualification. All colors are acceptable with the exception of solid black, mouse, liver, black and tan, black and white, and white with black, which are disqualifications. Black means black without a trace of brindle.
If you are trying to invest into a standard colored French Bulldog, from a responsible breeder – as a pet only, you will usually be looking at prices between 2,500-3,000$.
However a standard color price can still go up to 5,000 – 6,000$ if bought from a breeder with champion bloodlines and amazing quality French Bulldogs.

Rare French Bulldog Colors and Patterns
Rare Colors in the French Bulldog breed are the one that aren’t approved by the AKC and can’t participate in the ring. They can still be AKC registered and are 100% French Bulldogs, but unfortunately can’t compete due to their coat color being an instant disqualification. Truth be told, they aren't really rare, as they become more and more popular, you will see as many if not more of these frenchies than you will of the standard colors
The most popular rare colors are the blue, blue fawn, black and tan, blue and tan, pied with any of these colors. These colors require pupies to have 2 recessive color genes, thus requiring breeders of these puppies to have more colors in the breeding stock. We are always sure not to breed any closely related dogs just to get a certain color.
Also included are dogs with the Merle pattern, which is just that, it is a pattern. It is not a color. You can see merle in any color frenchie standard or rare.
The merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat.
A merle should only be bred to a dog with a solid or pied coat color. The merle gene itself, does not cause any health issues. Health issues arise when two merles are bred together. Merle is autosomal dominant, so it only requires one copy of the merle gene to produce a merle puppy. Two copies would produce a double merle. Those are the ones who have health issues.

Why this color has never been changed is the work of the French Bulldog Club of America. Rare color frenchies are more popular with the general public, and usually priced higher. However politics being what it is, there is resistance to allowing these dogs to compete in the conformation ring. My personal opinion is it is kind of like the resistance to a multi-racial, multi-cultural society. You will read about health issues caused by the recessive genes, or claims that these really are not french bulldogs. However, the truth is that a well bred, well cared for french bulldog puppy from carefully selected parents will be just as healthy as any of its standard colored counterparts.

Go here for a more detailed explanation of the history of the french bulldog standard,

Always check the breeding practices of any breeder you plan to do business with.
Frenchie-Pugs genetically health tests all of our breeding stock. Parent pairings are made based on color genetics, temperaments, and conformation. Our dogs receive top notch veterinary care, and we follow a health plan which has been made with our veterinarian, and filed with the State of Kansas. Yearly state and veterinary inspections are done. Our dogs eat premium dog food, and single ingredient treats. They live in houses, and have access to large fenced yards. They have heating, air conditioning, appropriate toys, and plenty of attention to assure they are physically healthy, well socialized, and well loved.

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